As a tribute to the academic Ján Červeňanský, the Slovak orthopedic and traumatological society annually organizes its national congress – Červeňanského days, every Year. Ján Červeňanský was born in 1905 in Bytča. After graduation, he joined the surgical department of the hospital in Kosice and in the late 1930s, he moved to the Department of Surgery of the Faculty of Medicine in Bratislava, under professor Kostlivý. In 1941 he succeeded Professor Čarsky on the position of the head of the Orthopedic Clinic of Comenius University in Bratislava.
The habilitation thesis of Dr. Červeňansky (1942) dealt with a significant problem for Slovakia – the patomorphology, diagnosis and treatment of congenital dislocation of the hips (LCC). Professor Červeňanský contributed several priority findings to Slovak orthopedics. In addition to introducing timely nailing of femur neck fracture, use of the cervicocapital prosthesis when dealing with hip fractures and introduction of the Kuntscher nailing in fractures of the long bones (summarized in the monography Červeňanský J. et al .: Úrazy a boj proti nim (Injuries and fighting them), they consisted mainly of benefits in reumoortophedics that began following the establishment of the Research Institute of Rheumatic Diseases in Piestany in 1953. The operation designed by Dr. Červeňanský for the correction of the fixed spine antiflexy, the so-called a butterfly osteotomy of the lumbar spine in Bechterev disease dates back to this period. The problem of ochronotic arthropathy was studied by Červeňanský, Siťaj, and Urbanek in a detailed introductory article in the prestigious Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery in October 1959.
The same topic was covered in the 1960s book: Siťaj, Červeňanský, Urbanek: Alkaptonuria and ochronosis. Following a study trip to the rheumatology center in Heinola with Professor Vainio, he introduced a radical synovectomy of the knee from two parapatellar cuts in rheumatoid arthritis. Červeňanský recognized the importance of mini-invasive methodologies in orthopedics very early on and purchased the first arthroscope for the orthopedic clinic in 1965. A lifelong interest of prof. Červeňanský was the issue of tumors of extremities and spine, which he dealt with in the 1965 monograph: Červeňanský, Kossey, Škrovina: Bone tumors and similar affections, which remained the only literary publication of its kind in Czechoslovakian literature until 1988. Prof. Červeňanský’s hobby was the history of medicine, with special emphasis on orthopedics. In addition to the biographies of prominent orthopedic surgeons, his most notable monograph was: Červeňanský J. Červeňanská N .: 50 years of Czechoslovak orthopedics published in 1975.
Overall, Červeňanský published 331 professional papers and 4 monographs. He was an honorary member of the Czechoslovak, Slovak, Polish, Bulgarian, Yugoslav and East German orthopedic societies, a member of SICOT, the Royal Society of Medicine, Academia Leopoldina in Halle and won many other recognitions. Professor Červeňanský, the founder of modern Slovak orthopedics, died in 1977 in Bratislava.
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